The Trivium

Grades
Student Characteristics    
 
Teaching Methods
 
 
Beginning Grammar
 
Grades K-2
 
 
Student Characteristics    
1) Obviously excited about learning
2) Enjoys games, stories, songs, projects
3) Short attention span
4) Wants to touch, taste, feel, smell, see
5) Imaginative, creative
 
Teaching Methods
1) Guide discovering
2) Explore, find things
3) Use lots of tactile items to illustrate point
4) Sing, play games, recite, color, draw, paint, build
5) Use body movements
6) Short, creative projects
7) Show and Tell, drama, hear/read/tell stories
8) Field trips
 
Grammar
 
Grades 3-6
 
 
Student Characteristics 
1) Excited about new, interesting facts
2) Likes to explain, figure out, talk
3) Wants to relate own experiences to topic, or just tell a story
4) Likes collections, organizing items
5) Likes chants, clever, repetitious word sounds (e.g., Dr. Seuss)
6) Easily memorizes
7) Can assimilate another language well
 
Teaching Methods
1) Lots of hands-on work, projects
2) Field trips, drama
3) Make collections, displays, models
4) Integrate subjects through above means
5) Teach and assign research projects
6) Recitations, memorization
7) Drills, games
8) Oral/written presentations
 
Dialectic
 
Grades 7-9
 
Student Characteristics 
1) Still excitable, but needs challenges
2) Judges, debates, critical
3) Likes to organize items, others
4) Shows off knowledge
5) Wants to know “behind the scenes” facts
6) Curious about “Why?”
7) Thinks, acts as though more knowledgeable than adults
 
Teaching Methods
1) Time lines, charts, maps (visual materials)
2) Debates, persuasive reports
3) Drama, reenactments, role-playing
4) Evaluate, critique (with guidelines)
5) Formal logic
6) Research projects
7) Oral/written presentations
8) Guest speakers, trips
 
Rhetoric
 
Grades 10-12
 
Student Characteristics 
1) Concerned with present events, especially in own life
2) Interested in justice, fairness
3) Moving toward special interests, topics
4) Can take on responsibility
5) Can do synthesis
6) Desires to express feeling, own ideas
7) Generally idealistic
 
Teaching Methods
1) Drama, oral presentations
2) Guide research in major areas with goal of synthesis of ideas
3) Many papers, speeches, debates
4) Give responsibilities, e.g., working with younger students
5) In-depth field trips, even overnight
6) Worldview discussion/written papers